There are two REBs on the University of Ottawa campus, both of which operate under the aegis of the Vice-President, Research and are sanctioned by the Board of Governors of the University of Ottawa.:
- the Social Sciences and Humanities REB
- the Health Sciences and Science REB
The evaluation of the ethical aspects of research involving human participants follows the guidelines set out in the TCPS 2 by the national granting councils: the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). It also respects the guidelines of national professional associations and requires compliance with all federal and provincial legislation regarding the protection of individuals and human rights.